Pulse Examination

In each and every medical science of the world there is a method to examine the pulse of the patient. But the detail study of the pulse examination is found only in Ayurveda. No other science has deeper information about the Pulse examination. According to ayurveda 'Nadi' means Pulse and 'Parieksha' means exmaination but the term 'Nadi Parieksha' means a careful planned test carried out by the ayurvedic physician for diagnosis of disease.

In ayurveda pulse examination has become a synonym for 'Diagnosis'. In olden days when a pateint comes to an Ayurvedic Physician then without much delay he stretches his hand so that the physician examines his pulse and diagnoses his health problems. There have been some physicians who used to examine the pulse of the patient and were able to tell the etiology, symptoms and prognosis of the disease. From the historical point of view the knowledge of pulse examination is found during the medieval period (13 to 16th century).

Importance of Pulse Examination (Nadi Parieksha):

Even thou there are 8 types of examination in ayurveda medical science such as Pulse, Urine, Faeces, Tounge, Voice, Touch, Eyes and Physical Shape. Pulse examination is basis of diagnosis in Ayurveda. Other examinations reveal the disorder at a particular region in a limited way but the examination of pulse is of fundamental importance in all disorders.

  • This examination is done externally without disturbing any internal system
  • Pulse examination does not require any physical, chemical or electrical instrument. Darkness, light, heat, cold do not affect it in any way.
  • Infant, dumb, paralysed, lunatic etc who are unable to communicate thier diseases to the physician can take the advantage of pulse examination.
  • Normally for most of the diseases this practice is convenient and important.
  • Pulse examination also give an idea of mental state of the pateint eg: tension, sorrow, anger, lust, greed and depression etc.
  • It helps to decide whether the disease is curable or incurable.
  • Response to the treatment can be assessed by the pulse examination.
Procedure to obtain a better Pulse Examination(Nadi parieksha):
  • It is an ancient tradition to examine the pulse in the morning with empty stomach.
  • The pateint should be free from the excretory products of the body.
  • The pulse examination of pateint who is hungry or thirsty must not be examined.
  • The pulse of the patient should not be examined just after meals (Can be examined 2 hours after intake of food).
  • Patient should not have consumed any alcohol or intoxicants.
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