Ayurvedic diagnosis does not merely not knowing about the symptoms of the disease and giving medicines to suppress the symptoms ,Unlike the western system of Medicine , but it includes - finding out the root cause of the disease. It includes finding out the imbalance of doshas, blockage of channels, improper functioning of the dhatus,improper functioning of various cleaning or excretory system (mala),determining the strength of one's digestive fire and immune system.
The personal Ayurvedic constitution is also determined which helps to choose a proper diet, suppliment and treatment according to the person's constitution.
Our body and its waste products shows us a lot of information about the state of balance of our body. If we know what to look for. Examination of our tongue, fingernails, skins, perspiration (Sweat), eyes, lips, stools and urine gives an early indication of imbalance in our body.
Ayurvedic physicians try to assess the symptoms of a disease along with the nature of the ailment and its root cause or nidana. The purvaroopa or early signs and symptoms provide an opportunity to prevent the disease from progressing. The roopa or main signs and symptoms reflect the nature and intensity of the disease. Another method of diagnosis is upasaya or exploratory therapy which uses diet, medicines and altered routine to detect diseases otherwise difficult to diagnose.
The examination process itself involves darshan or visual observation, sparsha or tactile perception and prashna or questioning.
Examination of the pulse, tongue, voice, skin, general appearance, urine and stool aid the physician in making a diagnosis.
More specifically, there are two specific diagnostic procedures.They are: